|Crowding of teeth
Occurs when there is not enough space to accommodate all the teeth. Is treated by gaining space either by expansion or dental extraction.
Spaces can be caused by missing teeth, teeth that are too small or a bad habit.
Occurs when the upper teeth are projected forward in relation to the lower teeth due to a disharmony of the jaws or to a dental misalignment.
|Anterior open bite
Occurs when there is an absence of contact between the upper and lower teeth. Can be caused by a habit of the tongue, thumb-sucking or by mouth-breathing.
The upper front teeth extend out over the lower front teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
Occurs when the upper teeth are positioned inside the lower teeth when the mouth is closed. Often caused by a palate that is too narrow and causes a premature deterioration of the teeth.
|Facial skeletal disharmony
The jaws may be too forward or not enough, which not only compromises how the teeth fit together when the mouth is closed, but also the support of lips and facial aesthetics.