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In consultation, patients often ask us: “What is the difference between an orthodontist and a dentist?”

Although the difference is obvious to dental professionals, we realize that it is not the same for ordinary people. Thus, we take the time to do the precision today and demonstrate the difference.

A general dentist is similar to your family doctor. It is the ideal person to evaluate your oral health, make punctual examinations of your mouth and teeth, repair cavities, and may provide orthodontic care even if he is not an orthodontist.

An orthodontist is a specialist who has 2 to 3 years of additional training than dentists in the field of orthodontics specifically, and proves to be an expert in tooth rectification, correction of malocclusions and dentofacial orthopedics. He is the best person to recommend the treatment option that suits you best.

Example: A doctor will likely receive you for an abnormality appearing on your skin and prescribe a remedy. However, the dermatologist – having additional notions to treat all skin problems – will surely see further in the global treatment of the skin and prevent, if necessary.

See the illustration below for a better understanding:

You are now enlightened on the subject! See a dentist for the health of your teeth and mouth, and see an orthodontist to straighten your teeth and jaws.

If you wish to have more information, do not hesitate to communicate with our team members at Ortho Cité.

To get the wonderful smile you have always dreamed of, make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontiste spécialiste
Ortho Cité
5970, rue Sherbrooke Est
Montréal, Québec H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca


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Occasionally, we have patients who ask us questions, namely the number of teeth that an adult has, their name and function.

So we thought of writing an article on the subject.

Number and types of permanent teeth (adults)

32 teeth total (including wisdom teeth)
– Anterior teeth (front – from one canine to another canine): 8 incisors and 4 canines
– Posterior teeth (rear – called large teeth: 8 premolars and 12 molars

PHOTO 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Function of different types of teeth

Incisors: they cut food
Canines: they tear and hold food
Premolars: they tear and crush
Molars: they grind and crush

PHOTO 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teeth nomenclature

In our professional jargon, a nomenclature allows us to identify the teeth of our patients.
We first speaks of the arch, after the quadrants, then the teeth.

Arch

Maxillary arch: upper teeth
Mandibular arch: lower teeth

PHOTO 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numbering

In order for communication between professionals to be effective, there are specific numbers for quadrants and teeth.

Quadrants

Because it may be useful to identify teeth per section to target a region of several teeth, the mouth is divided into four sections called quadrants:

  • Quadrant 1 (top right)
  • Quadrant 2 (top left)
  • Quadrant 3 (bottom left)
  • Quadrant 4 (bottom right)

PHOTO-41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teeth number
As mention, to be precise, there is a number for each permanent teeth.

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To count, we start with quadrant 1 (upper right), with the front incisor (11) and going to the right: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18. Look at the image above to understand better. 

We continue with quadrant 2 (upper left), with the second incisor in front (21) and count towards the left: 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28.

Then, we remain on the left side, but now at the bottom with quadrant 3, we continue with the front incisor (31) and count towards the left: 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 and 38.

We end with quadrant 4 (bottom-right), with the second incisor in front (41) and count towards the right: 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47 and 48. Again, if it is not clear, look at the image above.

Teeth numbered 18, 28, 38 and 48 correspond to the 3rd molar, better known as the wisdom teeth. In many cases, these are extracted for various reasons: teeth included, infection, decay, lack of space on the arch or simply in prevention.

The same applies to premolars, i.e. teeth numbered 14 or 15, 24 or 25, 34 or 35, and 44 or 45. Occasionally, these extractions also correct a problem of missing space.

Teeth parts and definition

PHOTO-71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

La couronne / CROWN: The crown is the part of the tooth that protrudes out of the gum. A very hard substance, dental enamel, naturally covers this area.

L’émail / ENAMEL: The enamel is the white outer part of the crown of the teeth. Dental enamel is very hard; it is the most solid substance of the body.

La dentine / DENTIN: Dentin, also called ivory, is a calcified tissue that is covered with enamel. Dentin is yellowish and translucent in color and may be apparent if the tooth enamel is thin.

La gencive / GUM: The gum is the pink part around each tooth and ensures the role of watertight sleeve. It is pink because it contains keratin. The gingiva also covers the alveolar bone.

La pulpe (nerf) / PULP (NERV): The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth. It is made of living tissues: nerves, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels.

La racine / ROOT: The root is the structure of a tooth located in the bone. In general, the canines and incisors have only one dental root whereas the premolars have two, and the molars three.

Dentistry wise, you are now better informed. Just like professionals, you are able to identify your archs, quadrants and teeth.

If you want more information, do not hesitate to communicate with our team members at Ortho Cité. Moreover, to get the wonderful smile you have always dreamed of, make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Spécialiste en orthodontie
Ortho Cité
5970, rue Sherbrooke Est
Montréal, Québec H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca


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It is our pleasure to present the orthodontic case of Isabelle.

In technical terms, the clinical and radiological examination confirmed the following:

  • Dental and Skeletal Malocclusion Class II;
  • Severe transverse deficiency of superior maxillary with top arch in V-shaped, causing a major dental overlap;
  • Protrusion of the lower dentoalveolar block;
  • Presence of impacted teeth, in horizontal and vertical position.

 

This means that Isabella had a jaw dysfunction; the closing of her upper teeth with lower teeth was defective; the dental arches were too narrow; she had impacted teeth trapped inside her gum; certain teeth overlapped on each other; and her front teeth were positioned too far forward…

Thus, it was understood from the beginning that the case of Isabelle first required surgical procedure to enlarge her palace and extraction of two wisdom teeth. Thereafter, begin an orthodontic treatment a few months prior to a second orthognathic surgery to align the jaws, by advancing the lower jaw.

In short, here are the different steps of Isabelle’s orthodontic treatment:

  • Ÿ Palatal Expansion surgery and extraction of two wisdom teeth;
  • Ÿ Positioning of brackets; Isabelle had transparent ceramic brackets on the upper teeth and miniaturized metal brackets on the lower teeth;
  • Ÿ Preparation before orthodontic maxillofacial surgery;
  • Ÿ Orthognathic surgery (BSSO – bilateral mandibular osteotomy sagittal – dental advancement of 10mm;
  • with side-to-right deviation of 1.5mm and clockwise rotation of the distal fragment);
  • Ÿ Continuity orthodontic treatment post-surgery (7 months);
  • Ÿ Debonding.

Finally, the treatment was completed with retention appliances. It it a small steel wire that we bonded to the inner surface of Isabelle’s teeth. It is cemented and remains in place permanently for a lasting results.

 

In the Orthodontic field, a picture is worth a thousand words!  Here are the before and after pictures of Isabelle’s orthodontic success.

 

Front – Before and After

isabelle-avant-apres

Side – Before and After

de-cote-avant-apres

Dental overlap – Before and After

chevauchement-dentaire-avant-et-apres

Top arch in V-Shaped – Before and After

arcade-du-haut-en-forme-de-v-avant-et-apres

 Dental overlap – Before and After

 

 

To obtain the smile you have always dreamed of, do not hesitate anymore!   Make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Spécialiste en orthodontie
Ortho Cité
5970, rue Sherbrooke Est
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

Logo_ortho Logo_ortho2 Recycle

radiographie-panoramique-et-cephalometrique

The technology continues to evolve!

At Ortho Cité, it has been a while now that we made the jump to the digital platform, eliminating completely the use of films, chemical solutions and development of devices. Therefore, the radiation dose delivered to patients is diminished considerably.

Digital panoramic X-ray is the best solution because of its ease of use and its superior quality. We only have to turn the power on and the image appears on the computer monitor where it is registered.

la-radiographie-panoramique

Using imaging software installed on our computer, we can easily improve the image, cut, measure anatomical details and show it to our patients

Long live to technology because this change is positive across the board!

At Ortho Cité clinic, it is true that we are interested in modern technologies. We are proud to offer many of the most aesthetic orthodontic treatment options available today: Invisalign shells, Miniaturized brackets, White ceramics or clear brackets, Lingual brackets (behind the teeth) and more!

For a personalized consultation, make an appointment with Dr Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke Street East
Montreal, Quebec H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

Logo_ortho Logo_ortho2 Recycle

There are nine nationally recognized dental specialties in Canada. The Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada (CDAC) reviews and accredits the education programs in the nine dental specialties.

Accreditation is a process by which CDAC recognizes dental and allied dental education programs – as well as health facility dental services – as having met nationally-determined requirements or standards, as established by CDAC.

Public Dental Health
Public Dental Health is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, prevention and control of dental diseases and the promotion of oral health through organized community efforts. Public Dental Health serves the community through research, health promotion, and education and group dental care programs.

Endodontics
Endodontics is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic clinical sciences, including biology of the normal pulp, and etiology, diagnosis prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular tissues.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the branch and specialty of dentistry which is concerned with and includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of disorders, diseases, injuries and defects, involving the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions and related structures.

Oral Medicine and Pathology
Oral Medicine and Pathology is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, nature and primarily non-surgical management of oral, maxillofacial and temporomandibular diseases and disorders, including dental management of patients with medical complications. Oral medicine and oral pathology are two applied components of this specialty.

Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology
Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the prescription, production and interpretation of diagnostic images for the diagnosis and management of diseases and disorders of the craniofacial complex.

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the supervision, guidance and correction of the growing or mature dentofacial structures and the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of any abnormalities associated with these structures. For more information on the Orthodontics Specialty, see our previous article “Profession Orthodontist – Studies”.

Pediatric Dentistry
Pediatric Dentistry is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with providing primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health diagnosis, care and consultative expertise for infants and children through adolescence, including those of all ages with special care needs.

Periodontics
Periodontics is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and aesthetics of these structures and tissues.

Prosthodontics
Prosthodontics is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, restoration and maintenance of oral function, comfort, appearance and health of the patient by the restoration of the natural teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth and contiguous oral and maxillofacial tissues with artificial substitutes.

If you would like more information on dental specialties, visit the following website:
https://www.cda-adc.ca/fr/becoming/becoming/specialties/

And to obtain the smile you have always dreamed of, hesitate no more! Make an appointment with our specialist in orthodontics, Dr. Serge Yacoub, for a consultation.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke street east
Montreal, Quebec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dentofacial anomalies often called malocclusions. Dentofacial harmony is achieved through the use of orthopedic appliances that align the teeth, jaws and soft tissues.

Practicing orthodontics requires advanced training and skills such as those needed to plan, fabricate, place and control these appliances appropriately.

How does someone become an Orthodontist?

An Orthodontist is a highly qualified professional who specializes in aligning the teeth and jaws of children, teenagers and adults.

In order to become a certified Orthodontist, a qualified dentist must complete a two- to three-year full-time orthodontic residency program recognized by the Ordre des dentistes du Québec and the Royal College of Dentists of Canada (the competent authorities).

This post-graduate program, which leads to a certificate or a master’s degree in orthodontics, must also be recognized by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada. The commission reviews programs on a seven-year cycle. Its accreditation indicates that a given program meets all of the requirements for specialty training in the field of orthodontics.

Here is the detailed schooling that leads to the title of Orthodontist:

PREREQUISITS
-College Diploma (D.E.C.) in Science of Health – 2 years

FIRST CYCLE
– Doctorate in Dental Medicine (DMD) including the preparatory year – 5 years

SUPERIOR STUDIES
-Residency Certificate in Dentistry (optional) – 1 year
-Master’s Degree in Dentistry, Orthodontics option (research & clinic) – 3 years

FINAL EXAMINATION
Success of the Royal College of Dentists exam is a prerequisite for recognition of a specialist degree from the College of Dentists of Quebec.

In total, becoming an Orthodontist, requires 10 years of study!

Only dentists who have followed and completed this University program successfully can use the title of Orthodontist.

The Orthodontic specialists’ grouping in Canada is called the Canadian Association of Orthodontists (CAO). It was established on May 4th, 1949; it’s been 67 years! In Quebec, it is in 1961 that the Quebec Association of Orthodontists (QAO) was created.

Be sure to entrust your orthodontic treatment to a qualified professional.

To obtain the smile you have always dreamed of, hesitate no more! Make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke street east
Montreal, Quebec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

With constant innovations in the field of orthodontics, invisible techniques have been developed over the years as, among others, the lingual orthodontic care.

Originally created for adults, lingual orthodontics is also popular with teenagers who are seduced by the discretion it offers.

The name of this technique comes from the fact that the orthodontic brackets are positioned on the inner surface of the teeth, more specifically on the side where the tongue is.

Here are some advantages of lingual orthodontics:
– Brackets are completely invisible, as positioned behind your teeth;
– Comfortable Technique;
– Adapted and customized to offer optimal results.

But there is a difference between traditional treatment (visible boxes) and a lingual orthodontic treatment:
– The treatment is more expensive;
– The sit-down appointment time is 2 times longer;
– The orthodontics specialist is better equipped, because he is required to complete additional training.

Given the specified reasons, it is much easier to understand why the costs are higher!

Nevertheless, some patients still prefer to opt for lingual technology because it allows them to feel better with this invisible technology during their orthodontic treatment.

That being said, it is therefore possible to smile with confidence during your orthodontic treatment!

For further details, do not hesitate! Make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke street east
Montreal, Quebec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

It is our pleasure to present the orthodontic case of David.

Ortho

In technical terms, David had a malocclusion presenting a Mandibular Prognathism. The position of his teeth also required an orthodontic treatment.

This means that David not only had a dental alignment problem, but his skeletal profile showed a disharmony of the jaws, i.e. a chin too far advanced compared to the upper part of the jaw.

Thus, it was understood right from the beginning that David’s case required braces, including a surgical procedure.

In short, here are the different steps of David’s orthodontic treatment:

– Positioning of brackets; David had transparent ceramic brackets;
– Preparation before maxillofacial surgery;
– Orthognathic surgery of both jaws: Lefort I Osteotomy for the correction of the maxilla (upper jaw) and Sagittal Osteotomy for mandibular (lower jaw) dentofacial deformities;- Continuity of orthodontic treatment post-surgery (3-6 months);
– Debonding.

Finally, the treatment was completed with retention appliances. It represented a small steel wire that we bonded to the inner surface of David’s teeth. It is cemented and remains in place permanently for a  lasting results.

In the Orthodontic field, a picture is worth a thousand words!  Here are the before and after pictures of David’s orthodontic success.

Mandibular Prognathism
David Dents Côté Droit et Gauche

Before and after
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To obtain the smile you have always dreamed of, do not hesitate anymore!   Make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke street east
Montreal, Quebec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

Chat reflet Lion - Estime de soi

It is a fact that self-esteem influences our whole life and is a decisive factor in achieving our goals, whatever they are.

According to what happens to us internally, our thoughts and feelings will be an engine either to propel us or restrict us in our actions.

Consequently, self-esteem should be favored when our children are young. It is by showing them to love themselves; to respect themselves; how to assert; and express their needs that they will develop confidence in their abilities and believe in their personal value.

Esteem = Confidence = Achievements = Pride!

That being said, despite education and positive reinforcement, there are external factors that undoubtedly have an impact on our children self-esteem, namely the appearance. Wanting to avert this point is called a head in the sand approach…

Since a picture is worth a thousand words, take a look hereafter at the two smiles and ask yourself, which one is most likely to provide confidence in you?
Before After Estime de soi

Do not worry, it is the same patient! These are pictures showing “before and after” the orthodontic treatment. Thank you Mom and Dad!

At school, kids and teenagers are not always kind towards each other.  Imagine if one of them shows a difference or an imperfection, however small it may be! This can sadly lead to bullying by colleagues.

Fortunately, at Ortho Cité, we believe that everyone deserves an amazing smile. That is why we are committed to facilitating access to orthodontic treatment for children.

We do have many payment options, so that costs are never a barrier to orthodontic care necessary for a child.

Remember that a smile is a secret key that opens many doors to those offering it spontaneously!

Do not hesitate and make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke street east
Montreal, Quebec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

A socially responsible company, committed to protecting the environment.

Dent & Planète

For several years now our collective consciousness has arisen in regards to the importance of environmental protection and adoption of green habits, and we believe that is a great thing!

Indeed, numerous SMEs have gone green by trying to reduce waste; paper usage levels; greenhouse gas emissions; and by trying to save energy and water.

There is indisputable incentive to improve our impact on the environment, such as:

  • Cost reduction;
  • Energy savings;
  • Improvements in quality of life;
  • Respect for the environment.

Ortho Cité started its Green Initiative some time ago so as to position itself as a socially responsible organization, committed to protecting our environment.

We have reviewed our habits and practices, and made improvements to our way of doing things. Also, all team members have been sensitized to this cause and received the information on how to integrate environmental values and reach our goals.

We also benefited from the services and advice of recognized environmental partners, namely Recyc-Québec. We are proud to be included in the “Ici on recycle” program and report having reached the “Implementation” ranking.
Website: https://www.recyc-quebec.gouv.qc.ca/

As for dental equipment, our way of preserving the environment has been to purchase the intraoral scanner I-TERO.
This state-of-the-art device significantly reduces the environmental impact of orthodontic treatment as it removes the following treatment steps and materials:

  • hardware fingerprinting;
  • plastic impression trays;
  • plaster and water for the manufacturing of models
  • physical space storage.

The virtual impressions made with the I-TERO scanner are sent electronically to the shell and aligner manufacturers (such a Invisalign), a process which reduces both production time and greenhouse gas emissions associated with the transport of small packages between the clinic and the dental laboratories.

Here is a friendly reminder of the 3RV at work:

This acronym refers to the 4 ways of preserving the environment by reducing waste and extending the life expectancy of products and supplies. These actions are prioritized as follows:

Reduce – Reuse – Recycle – Value

Hereinafter, websites providing additional information on the subject:

http://www.recreer.ca/
http://onenprendsoin.ca/
http://www.appelarecycler.ca/
http://recyclermeselectroniques.ca/qc/
http://www.ecopeinture.ca/
http://www.recycfluo.ca/fr/
http://soghu.com/fr/?prov=qc
Logo Ici On Recycle - Mise en oeuvreLogo Environnement

In closing, we remind you that it is never too late to improve your smile with an orthodontic treatment. We encourage you to make an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Serge Yacoub: http://orthocite.ca/take-an-appointment/

Dr. Serge Yacoub
Orthodontic Specialist
Ortho Cité
5970, Sherbrooke Street East
Montreal, Quebec H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

The Specialist in Orthodontics focuses not only on the “dental” aspect, but also on the positioning of the jaws and the anatomy of the face, in order to offer patients the best aesthetic and functional treatment.

Occasionally, some defects are too important or are noticed too late and cannot be corrected by orthodontics alone, effective as it may be. That is the reason why the American and Canadian Associations of Orthodontists recommend that children have an initial orthodontic consultation as of age 7.

The spectrum of abnormalities is wide: the upper jaw or chin too far forward or too far back; a facial asymmetry of upper jaw with the lower jaw; a malocclusion; a smile showing too much gum or not enough teeth; among other things.

It is important to realize that the defects of the jaws and its joints can impact chewing, cause speech problems and even breathing issues. These flaws can also affect the patient’s appearance and therefore decrease the level of confidence and self-esteem.

During a consultation, the Specialist in Orthodontics can quickly detect when orthodontic treatment should have additional support with maxillofacial surgery.

Surgery can improve the occlusion of the teeth, facial symmetry, masticatory function, and relieve pain or discomfort in the facial joints.

 

There are different procedures that can be performed:

– Surgery of the chin, or genioplasty;
– Surgery of the upper jaw (Intervention Lefort 1 or 2, intermaxillary disjunction);
– Surgery of the lower jaw (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible).

Here are some pictures showing the before-after surgery:

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5
4
3
2
1

Finally, in some cases, the combination of surgery and orthodontic treatment is essential for an optimal result! Indeed, the dual treatment impacts the structures of the jaw and the face to improve not only the function but also the overall aesthetics with the new and improved position of the teeth.

For a professional evaluation, please make an appointment with Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Spécialiste en orthodontie
Ortho Cité
5970, rue Sherbrooke Est
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

The American and Canadian Associations of Orthodontists recommend that children have an initial orthodontic consultation as of age 7.

During that first visit your orthodontist may ask to see you again for follow-ups every 6 or 12 months, depending on your child’s needs.

However, when problems are already present or are about to develop, they often can be immediately improved or corrected with an early treatment. We call this phase the interceptive treatment.

Here are a few examples of some preliminary actions that can be initiated for your child:

  • Improve breathing;
  • Guide or correct an asymmetrical jaw growth;
  • Reduce the risk of trauma to the incisors;
  • Correct bad habits: thumb sucking, tongue posture, etc.;
  • Guide the proper eruption of permanent teeth;
  • Avoid subsequent interventions which often prove more expensive.

Because a picture is worth a thousand words I invite you to take a look at the following images of some of the dental malocclusions that we treat at the clinic:

Anterior Crossbite

occlusion

Posterior Crossbite

occlusion-2

Dental Crowding

encombrement

Open bite

béance

Protrusion

protubérance

Ectopic eruption

eruption

Complete Class III

classe3

Diastema

diasteme2

Bad habits

mauvaise

mauvaise2

Whatever the problem, as your appointments with the orthodontist progressed, the treatment plan is refine for the optimal development of your child’s teeth.

When the timing is appropriate, phase 2 – commonly known as the corrective phase – takes place until a perfectly aesthetic and functional dentition is achieved.

Do not hesitate to make an appointment with Dr. Serge Yacoub for a first consultation with your child.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Spécialiste en orthodontie
Ortho Cité
5970, rue Sherbrooke Est
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

 

Orthodontics offer lasting results. Indeed, when orthodontic treatment is completed, patients are not left on their own. Protective measures to ensure the durability of the treatment are taken systematically.  Why?  Because the body has a memory of sorts and because teeth tend to want to relapse to their original alignment

Thus, the contention phase begins after the treatment with the retention device.  It is used to maintain the new and improved position of the teeth.  This last step is vital to insure the success of the orthodontic treatment.

There are various types of retainers to maintain the correct position of the teeth. Some are removable and some are glued to the teeth (fixed). The orthodontist chooses the best option for each patient.

Removable retainers

Essix

essix

The Essix is ​​a transparent plastic shell that covers the teeth. It is more often designed to be used in the upper arch, i.e. for the upper teeth. The Essix is worn full-time for approximately 30 days, except for meals and brushing. Thereafter, it is worn only at night, for a whole year.

Hawley

hawley2

The Hawley is a device which sits on the palate. It is made of an acrylic plate which is attached to a steel strap or a transparent thread that rests on the teeth to maintain their new position. It is most often designed to be used in the upper jaw, i.e. to the upper teeth. The Hawley is worn full-time for approximately 6 months, except for meals and brushing.  Thereafter, it is worn only at night for an additional 6 months.

Fixed retainers

Lingual wire

filing

Among the fixed retainers, there is the traditional stabilizing wire bonded behind the 6 teeth of the upper and lower arches.  Its positioning makes it invisible. The lingual wire can remain in place for several years without issues, if the patient’s oral hygiene is adequate.

For more information, ask Dr Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Specialist Orthodontist
Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-755
info@orthocite.ca

At Ortho Cité, we are proud to offer many of the most aesthetic orthodontic treatment options available today.

Invisalign shells

Invisalign is a procedure that uses a series of clear custom made aligners to move your teeth gradually and sequentially to the desired position. This technique is an attractive choice for both adults and teenagers.

Miniaturized brackets

The miniaturized bracket system is a treatment philosophy. Its size and revolutionary design provide high level results and has several advantages: they are more discreet given their small size; they offer superior comfort, since no metal or elastic attachment is required; there is also less pressure felt due to their soft and constant forces; they are easy to clean due to their size and surface finish; and requires less follow-up visits, as the system provides continuous forces up to 12 weeks at a time.

White ceramics or clear brackets

White ceramics or clear brackets offer some advantages: they offer superior aesthetic appearance because of the white colour or translucency; as well as allowing for efficient tooth movement due to their frictionless mechanism.

Lingual brackets (behind the teeth)

Modern technology now allows us to have a completely invisible treatment. Lingual orthodontic brackets are not apparent, as they are placed behind the teeth. They are customized and adapted to the surface of each tooth, to provide optimal results. The unique advantage: they become invisible due to their position! This new technology allows you to continue to show a confident smile even for the duration of your treatment.

Ask Dr. Serge Yacoub to help you find out what your best treatment solution is.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Specialist Orthodontist
Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-755
info@orthocite.ca

Among our different orthodontic treatment options, the clear aligners prove to be increasingly popular among adults.

Indeed, we find more and more adults in orthodontic practice, and they are not there solely to accompany their children. Rather, they seek treatment for themselves.

The motivation of these patients is primarily aesthetic. Social pressure is growing stronger, for both women and men.

And why not decide to take charge of your appearance?

Children or teenagers that did not have access to orthodontic treatments when they were young, seize as adult the opportunity to perfect their smile.

This upward trend is confirmed by all professionals in the field. Orthodontists trained in “invisible” methods believe that the adult customers have increased tenfold in the past ten years, now representing 30 to 50% of their business.

Are you a good candidate for clear aligners?

Do not hesitate to ask Dr Serge Yacoub.

Dr Serge Yacoub
Specialist Orthodontist
Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-755
info@orthocite.ca

Orthodontic is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnostic, prevention and treatment of dental and jaw anomalies. The technical term to describe these problems is “malocclusion”.

Orthodontic practice requires professional aptitudes to create, use and control corrective appliances (braces) that are necessary to align teeth, lips and jaws, all of which contribute to the harmony of the individual’s teeth and face.

Dr Serge Yacoub
​Orthodontist specialist
Clinique Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke Street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

The laying of braces is a very important step.
Through this process,teeth will realign properly.
The intervention is going to the orthodontist and takes between 45 minutes and one hour.
Discover the steps in the installation of braces.

1.Preliminary Steps:

The orthodontist install a spacer, usually plastic, to rule out the lips and have a good view of the teeth.
The first step is to clean the teeth so the braces are fixed to clean teeth.
Teeth are dry, the product is applied, the product is rinsed a few seconds later.
A gel is applied to the future locations of braces, the gel allows to make a little more rough the surface of the tooth.
This rough surface will allow the glue that attaches the braces better hang on.

2.The installation of braces:

The installation of the braces arrived.
Special glue or resin is applied between the tooth and the metal or ceramic brace.
Each brace is associated with a particular tooth.
Then the orthodontist removes excess glue.
In order to permanently fix each brace to each tooth, blue light of high intensity is used to harden the resin.
Few seconds for each tooth.
The rings are finally on, and are assumed not to move until the end of treatment.

3.Placing the wire:

The establishment of the unit to an end.
The orthodontist removes the spacer that allowed him to see the full teeth.
Then comes the ability to clean his mouth and feel for the first time the rings under the lips.
It lacks then just connect, through a wire, all the brace.
The wire is placed in the center of each ring and attached with small plastic tree bands.
These tree bands, called ligatures, will give color to the dental unit.
It’s finally over.

Dr Serge Yacoub
​Orthodontist specialist
Clinique Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke Street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

 

Did your child need orthodontic treatment ?
Will he wear braces ?

The dentist and the orthodontist are the only ones who can make a diagnosis, here are some signs that should push you to consult.

Pronunciation problems or problems at the articulation of the jaw are two examples of possible disorders.

A routine visit should be performed from the age of 7/8 years if the child is in one of the following situations :

– He sucks his thumb or using a pacifier ;
– His upper lip seems far ahead as to bring up a space between the upper teeth and the lower ones ;
– His chin and lower lip are “forward”;
– His teeth grow haphazardly and do not line up ;
– Your child is having difficulty breathing and still has his mouth open ;
– He snores at night and / or wet the pillow with his saliva ;
– He is forced to tense the muscles of the mouth to close the lips ;
– He hates eating hard foods like meat or vegetables.

If you faced one of these scenarios,feel free to contact our team of professionals.

If you have any questions, comments or concerns regarding your treatment.

Dr Serge Yacoub
​Orthodontist specialist
Clinique Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke Street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

 

Today we need teeth more beautiful,

Advances in orthodontics are constant and now everyone wants teeth perfectly aligned and white.

 What is orthodontics?
Orthodontic practice is to align the teeth and jaws to get a smile and an aesthetic and functional occlusion.
In order to align the teeth, you have to slowly move one or more teeth, or sometimes the dental arch.

 Evolution of orthodontics over time
At the time of the middle ages, the denture was poor!
Finally, orthodontists appeared and started working with removable appliances in resin and then with rings.
Today they manage to do better and better, technology allows this leap forward

 3D in Orthodontics
The 3-dimensional images are used to view the teeth relative to each other, compared to the bone, in three dimensions.
This will decide orthodontic treatment more precise manner

Orthodontics is often a long process and can become expensive
So it is better to go on the best possible foundation by going to the orthodontist as soon as possible.

Orthodontics is aimed at children but also increasingly adults.
In fact more and more adults are using orthodontics, either because they have not been treated younger, or because their teeth are moved or because it is now possible to easily deal previously difficult problem to solve.

Request Board, Dr. Yacoub and his team will be happy to advise you on any matter relating to your dental care.

Dr Serge Yacoub
​Orthodontist specialist
Clinique Ortho Cité
5970 East, Sherbrooke Street
Montréal, Québec, H1N 1B8
514 255-7553
info@orthocite.ca

Good resolutions for 2015

Sleep more, be a little more sporty, more well-balanced food.
Many adults, at the beginning of the year, take good resolutions.
Children should follow the example in particular the carriers of orthodontic devices, for whom basic rules are to be scrupulously respected all year round.

To begin well this new year 2015, Dr Yacoub as well as the team of private clinic Orthocite suggests to young patients of an orthodontic device taking 4
good resolutions, 4 golden rules of a successful treatment.

RULE NUMBER 1:

To Pay attention to diet and to delete any hard, soft or sticky food (caramel, candies as well as dried fruits) to protect there braces. Broken threads or unstuck ties can pull major complications and delay the already long treatment.

RULE NUMBER 2 :

You should have a meticulous and irreproachable dental hygiene, thanks to a systematic brushing after every meal. To carry an orthodontic device exposes more teeth to tooth decay and gum inflammation, said Dr Yacoub, it is essential to take care of your brace by choosing a toothbrush with supple hairs and short head, and by completing the brushing by using inter dental floss.

RULE NUMBER 3 :

Do not forget your appointment with your orthodontist. Every meeting match with stage of the treatment, said Dr Yacoub, and miss it one’s extends the duration of the orthodontic treatment.

RULE NUMBER 4 :

Listen scrupulously Orthocité team and Dr Yacoub device’s,specially when you carry rubber bands which are in the center of the treatment :rubber bands which move teeth to the desired direction and put teeth in good position. Once the brace out, the treatment does not stop there, the patient has to carry a stabilization device, essential to the preservation of teeth in their new position.

OrthoCité clinic
5970 Sherbrooke Est
Orthodontist in Montréal
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Oral Piercings:

When metal and smile do not mix

Oral piercings are popular nowadays but are not without consequences on your health. Orthodontists give useful information on the different outcomes piercings can have on oral health.

We recommend to consult your orthodontist before considering a piercing. He will assess the possibilities and consequences on your oral health and will be able to advise you appropriately.
Furthermore, the orthodontist will provide important information on hygiene rules, counter-indications and risks.
Following is a brief overview of the possible complications.

For a private consultation, Dr.Yacoub, orthodontist on Sheebrooke street in Montreal, will help you find the best solution.

-Immediate complications :

Pain, inflammation and bleeding can occur for several days.

-The major issue arising from oral piercings is an infection :

The implementation of a piercing creates a favorable environment to bacterial development. Moreover, chronic complications such as fractures and dental wear are common and associated with repeated trauma piercings. Gingival recession,followed by tooth mobility, may occur at lower incisors .

Please find below the basic documentation on oral piercings :

Radio Canada.
Santé Médecine.
Santé Canada.

Call Dr Yacoub for advice :

OrthoCité clinic
5970 Sherbrooke Est
Orthodontist in Montréal
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

I-TERO – Orthocite clinic invested in a new technology that will make you smile!

Dr Serge Yacoub and his team of professionals are proud to introduce their new acquisition, the I-TERO digital scanner. This new technology eliminates the need for conventional molded impressions. Thus, our patients are certain to receive a more accurate orthodontic treatment. By removing old fashioned impressions and improving quality, this technology offers our patients a faster and more enjoyable experience.

This new I-TERO technology is now available at our Orthocité clinic in Montreal.

Here are some benefits of the I-TERO solution:

  • I-TERO eliminates some of the discomforts of traditional orthodontic practices
  • I-TERO allows you to enjoy the benefits of technology in improving your experience
  • I-TERO reduces the processing time associated with conventional impressions
  • I-TERO provides improved accuracy, reducing the need of subsequent adjustment treatments

For more information on this new technology, visit www.itero.com.

Take an appointment with Dr Serge Yacoub to make your orthodontic experience more pleasant!

At the Orthocite Clinic, we are committed to providing quality orthodontic care in a comfortable atmosphere and for this we are proud to remain at the cutting edge of technology.

Feel free to contact our team of professionals. If you have any questions, comments or concerns regarding your treatment or this new technology kindly feel free to reach us.

OrthoCite Clinic – Dr Serge Yacoub
5970 Sherbrooke East,
Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Start school smoothly in 2014!

We wish you a good back to school time for allsstudents and good return to work to their parents for the ones who had the change to have long holidays.

Having good teeth and good smile makes you feel good about yourself and confident. When you know all the benefits that trust can have on children we can understand the importance of bring your childs to health professionals to ensure that their teeth is correct.

Dr. Serge Yacoub and the American Association of Orthodontists recommends a first visit to the orthodontist at age 7 years and the dentist for 5 years in some cases.
Why so early ?
Because sometimes, it is possible to start an orthodontic treatment called interceptive. Shorter and simpler, interceptive treatments allow for a normal eruption of permanent teeth for long term results. More informations on these treatments here : Childs

Moreover, Orthocité clinic offers you a comfortable and pleasant reception and atmosphere to reassure the youngest ones.
Back to school time is the perfct moment to take an appointment with your orthodontist. For sure, they will leave smiling.

Clinic OrthoCite
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Linda, our coordinator of treatment, Orthocite clinic rhyme with efficiency, serenity, complicity, usability, beauty and vitality.

Here is today’s: testimony

It’s always a challenge to find a job that keeps us motivated as an individual and which also corresponds to our personal values. At the clinic Orthocite, I found a place of integrity who knows how to make me grow professionally and personally. A company that cares about the well-being of our valued patients. I thank Dr. Yacoub, my colleagues and our patients beloved to accompany me on this trip, allowing me to give the best possible customer service and the closest to our patients care.

Clinic OrthoCité
5970 Sherbrooke E, Orthondist in Montreal
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Week after week we introduce you to Dr Serge Yacoub’s team. Assistants, coordinators, receptionists, hygienists, they are all dedicated to give you the best welcome in OrthoCité orthodontic clinic so that your orthodontic treatment goes smooth.

It is Jennyfer’s turn to introduce herself:

I graduated in 2003 as a dental assistant. I have 8 years of experience in a dental clinic and I have been working with Dr Yacoub’s team for 3 years. I like to get richer with novelty and challenges. That I like the most is learning something new, and it is what Ortho Cité gives me.

Clinic OrthoCite
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Jean-Eudes school’s foundation: Orthocite clinic is involved in their community!

In their effort to raise the funds needed to provide better services to their students many activities are organized on a regular basis.

Once again, Dr Serge Yacoub and his team are proud to participate in the Lobster feast for Jean-Eudes school’s foundation. The feast was a great success…775 people attended and 180 000$ of benefits! We are really happy, it means a lot for your orthodontist.

IMG_0202

Clinique OrthoCite,
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Our priority is to know our patients well and to provide them with the best orthodontic treatment that meets their needs. What is why we also give you the opportunity to get to know better your orthodontist Dr. Serge Yacoub’s team.
Today, here is Francine Brunelle’s testimony :

I have been working in this field for many years so I can affirm that in orthodontics you never get bored, it is a medical field which is constantly evolving. And Ortho Cité is no exception, so the truth is we don’t get much rest but it is so captivating. I have had several positions in my career (assistant, examination, administration, finance) and I have liked every tasks. I am someone who likes changes and novelties, I love learning and facing challenges, so it requires sometimes a lot of creativity. I never get bored with Dr. Yacoub’s team!

Clinique OrthoCité,
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

The benefits of orthodontics are not limited to a beautiful smile. An orthodontics treatment can prevent on a long run the wear of teeth and jaw.

Before any orthodontic treatment, your orthodontist Dr. Serge Yacoub analyses the shape of your face but also the state of your teeth and your gums to give you lasting beauty and health. This way, you take advantage of all the benefits of orthodontic:

  • Increases self-esteem and improves smiles
  • Facilitates brushing and diminishes risks of cavities and gum disease
  • Eliminates premature wear of badly positioned teeth
  • Improves the position of teeth and ensures better mastication
  • Minimizes the risk of fractures on teeth that are too far forward
  • Improves the profile and corrects jaw position
  • Corrects pronunciation problems caused by a bad position of the teeth
  • Can minimize health issues related to joints and jaws

Dr Serge Yacoub, Orthodontist

Clinique OrthoCité,
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodintist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Dr Yacoub’s teammates are passionated with orthodontics, they love working with children and getting new challenges.
Today, here is Vanessa’s testimony.

I joined Dr. Yacoub’s team in 2013 for a position as a secretary. Having already worked in an orthodontic clinic, I have been fulfilled since I joined the team! I am someone who listens to people so this job suits me. I like being surrounded with people and sharing with them their enthusiasm of getting a dreamed smile. It always nice to work in a fun teamwork atmosphere According to me, Orthocité Clinic is different thanks to its dynamism and customized service!

Clinique OrthoCite,
5970 Sherbrooke E, montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Clinic Orthocité appreciate your loyalty and the trust that families place in us.
To thank you, we offer a free orthodontic consultation to a second member of the family (parents and children).

And that the whole family has the smile we also grant a discount on the treatments fee when more than one member of family member is under orthodontic treatment with us.
We will do our best to coordinate appointments to the orthodontic clinic to facilitate your schedule.

Dr Serge Yacoub, Orthodontist

Clinic OrthoCite,
5970 Sherbrooke E, montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Many teenagers and adults are reluctant to wear brackets in order to realign their teeth. We understand how important your appearance and comfort are during your orthodontic treatment and we want to provide you with several alternatives when it comes to orthodontic brackets.

Dr Serge Yacoub uses in priority 2 types of brackets:

– Clarity SL ceramic brackets
The translucent ceramic gets confused with your teeth and doesn’t change of color. The frictionless mechanism provides comfort and effectiveness.

– Speed miniaturized brackets
Smaller thus more comfortable, they are also really effective thanks to gentle and constant forces applied continuously on your teeth during 12 weeks.

– Brackets invisalign
Imagine having the smile you’ve always dreamed of without ever having to wear conventional braces. Invisalign is a process that uses a series of custom-made transparent aligners in order to shift your teeth in a sequential and gradual manner until they are in the desired position.
During the first appointment, Clinic Orthocité will advise you on the best choice of treatment to get the smile you dream of.

Clinic OrthoCite,
5970 Sherbrooke E, montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

You don’t have to wait all your kid’s milk teeth to be fallen to consult an orthodontist.

Dr Serge Yacoub and the American Association of Orthodontists, strongly suggest an orthodontic evaluation when your child turns 7.
Why so early ?
Because sometimes, it is possible to start an orthodontic treatment called interceptive. Shorter and simpler, interceptive treatments allow for a normal eruption of permanent teeth for long term results. More informations on these treatments here :
orthocite.ca/en/enfants/

Moreover, Orthocité clinic offers you a comfortable and pleasant reception and atmosphere to reassure the youngest ones. For sure, they will leave smiling.

Clinic OrthoCite,
5970 Sherbrooke E, montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

Did you know that for a perfect smile during and after your orthodontic treatment you could wear braces behind your teeth?

Incognito Hidden Brace is conceived to offer an effective orthodontic treatment without any kind of discomfort related to classical braces.

They are lingual brackets placed on the internal surface of your teeth thus totally invisible by your relatives. Thanks to a highly advanced digital 3-D visualization process applied to orthodontics, the brackets fit 100% your mouth.

Your orthodontist at Orthocité Clinic establishes a customized treatment plan according to your needs that guarantees you the most beautiful smile during and after the treatment. Really invisible but effective, the treatment do not hinder your pronunciation nor your life style for optimal comfort and results.

To learn more about Incognito Hidden Brace visit the website www.hiddenbraces.com or ask your orthodontist Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Clinic OrthoCite
5970 Sherbrooke E, Montreal orthodontist
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

It consists in an orthodontic treatment custom-made for your teeth which makes possible to correct many problems in a much more discrete way than conventional braces. After your orthodontist at Orthocité determines that Invisalign fits your treatment needs, he will establish a detailed treatment plan.

Your treatment Invisalign is a series of transparent aligners, almost invisible and removable that you change every two weeks. Each aligner is custom-made. Your teeth shift in a sequential and gradual manner, week after week when you put the new aligner during a short visit to the clinic, until they are straightened and in the desired position prescribed by your orthodontist Dr. Serge Yacoub.

Please contact the clinic for more details.

Orthodontic Clinic Orthocité Montréal
5970 Sherbrooke e, Montréal
514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca

At Clinic Orthocité, we have the expertise and the mastery of necessary technics to correct the alignment of your teeth regardless of the initial diagnosis

Nowadays, the new technologies like the temporary anchorage devices make possible to obtain results that could not be achieved with braces only and to avoid sometime dental extractions or surgery.

A temporary anchorage device is a mini-screw that is temporarily placed in the gum. It acts as an anchor to shift teeth in a controlled and predictable manner. These devices are made of sterile titanium and have been used for decades by orthopaedists and surgeons. Their use in the orthodontic field has revolutionized treatments!

Without pain, the anchorage devices improve your orthodontic treatment: it gets more efficient, more predictable thus shorter.

The clinic Orthocité and Dr Serge Yacoub are committed to give you the most beautiful smile and the best comfort.

Clinic Orthocité
5970 Sherbrooke e, Montréal

514-255-7553
www.Orthocite.ca